'to put on' a piece of clothing means to place it over a part of the body to wear it.
- It's cold in here. I'm going to put a sweater on.
- Before going out, he put his boots, coat and hat on.
'to put on' the light means to turn it on.
- It's dark in here. Can you put the light on, please?
- I didn't put the light on because I didn't want to disturb you.
'to put on' weight means to gain a few kilos.
- I must go on a diet, I've put five kilos on since the holidays.
- He was looking a little fatter. I think he has put some weight on.
'to put out' a light means to turn it off.
- We don't need the light now. Could you put it out?
- We put out the light and sat in the dark.
'to put out' something burning means to extinguish it.
- You can't smoke in here. Please put that cigarette out.
- It took only a few minutes for the fire-fighters to put the fire out.
'to put out' somebody means to cause them extra trouble.
- Please don't go to any trouble. I don't want to put you out.
- I'd be happy to do it. You're not putting me out at all.
'to put over' an idea or opinion means to express it.
- He expresses himself very well and puts his ideas over very clearly.
- I don't think I put my point of view over very well.
'to put someone through' something means you make them do something unpleasant or to suffer it.
- I'm sorry, we have to do it. But believe me, I really don't want to put you through it.
- We can't put him through the ordeal of more surgery. He isn't strong enough.
'to put someone through' on the phone means to connect the caller to another person.
- Please hold the line, I'm putting you through.
- Good morning. Could you put me through to Mr Davies, please?
'to put something together' means to assemble it.
- This modern flat pack furniture is very easy to put together.
- We've put together an excellent team to work on this project.