'to take after' means to resemble a parent or family member.
- She's blond with blue eyes. She takes after her father.
- He is good at maths. He doesn't take after me!
'to take along' means you take someone or something with you when you go somewhere.
- I took Sue along to the party. She really enjoyed it.
- Shall we take a bottle along? That is always appreciated.
'to take apart' means to separate something into the parts it is made up of.
- He took the machine apart and couldn't reassemble it.
- The machine needs taking apart and cleaning and oiling then it'll work.
'to take aside' means to isolate a person from the rest of a group to talk to them privately.
- After the meeting, he took me aside and asked me what I really thought.
- She took Danny aside and explained what she wanted him to do.
'to take away' means to remove something from its place and put it elsewhere.
- Someone had cleaned the room and taken away all the dirty dishes.
- Take that away! I don't want it in here.
'to take away' also means to remove something and stop them having it again.
- His passport was taken away so he can't leave the country.
- Security was very strict in the airport, they even took away my bottle of water!
'to take back' means to return something you have bought or borrowed.
- When I got home I discovered it didn't work so I took it back to the shop.
- When you've finished using it, can you take it back to the kitchen and put it away, please?
'to take down' means to go to a lower level or place with something.
- I took them down to the beach for the day as the weather was beautiful.
- Can you take that down, please? It shouldn't be up here in your bedroom.
'to take down' also means to remove something that is attached to a wall or other object.
- When I went into the sitting room, I noticed that he had taken down all the pictures.
- Now the election is over, all the posters have been taken down.